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Penal Code 243.6: Battery on a School Employee in California

PC 243.6: Battery on a School Employee

Legal Definition:

PC 243.6: “When a battery is committed against a school employee engaged in the performance of his or her duties, or in retaliation for an act performed in the course of his or her duties, whether on or off-campus, during the school day or at any other time, and the person committing the offense knows or reasonably should know that the victim is a school employee, the battery is punishable by imprisonment…”

For a person to be convicted of a violation of PC 243.6 the prosecution must show that:

  1. You committed a battery on a school employee;
  2. At the time of the offense, the school employee was engaged in the performance of his or her duties;


  1. The battery was committed in retaliation for an act performed in the court of the school employee’s duties;


  1. You knew or reasonably should have known that the victim is a school employee engaged in the performance of his or her duties.

What does this mean?

As used in the section, “school employee” means any person employed as a permanent or probationary certificated or classified employee of a school district on a part-time or full-time basis, including a substitute teacher. “School employee,” as used in this section, also includes a student teacher or a school board member.

If you are acting in retaliation against a teacher, for example, because they gave you a poor grade on a test or assignment, then the element of knowing that the employee was engaged in the performance of their duties is a given. The purpose of this section is to penalize people who commit crimes against their teachers, which requires knowledge that the person is a teacher. Is not enough, for this charge, to commit a battery against another person and later finding out that they are a teacher. The charge is supposed to criminalize people who are attacking teachers either during their normal school duties or retaliating against them for things they did during school.

A battery is any non-consensual touching of another person.


A battery on a school under PC 243.6(a) is a misdemeanor offense. If an injury is actually caused on the teacher, then the crime becomes a wobbler offense under PC 243.6(b). That means this can be charged as a felony or a misdemeanor offense. Whether you are charged with a misdemeanor or a felony offense depends on the specific facts of your case as well as your criminal history. A misdemeanor conviction under PC 243.6(a) can cause you to be imprisoned in a County Jail for up to 1 year. You would have to serve at least 50% of that time in custody. This is the same punishment for a misdemeanor offense under PC 243.6(b).

A felony conviction under PC 243.6(b) can send you to State Prison for upwards of 16 months, 2 or 3 years. If you are convicted of this charge as a misdemeanor, you can be sentenced to up to one year in County Jail. You would be required to serve at least 50% of that time in custody. If sentenced to State Prison, you would not be subjected to split sentencing under PC 1170(h), and therefore would actually serve your sentence in State Prison, not in County Jail Prison. You could also face a fine of up to $2,000 for a conviction.

PC 243.6 is a not strike offense under the Three Strikes Law and is not a charge requiring Sex Registration under PC 290. You would likely face a loss, suspension, or revocation of your professional license. You could also face immigration consequences if you are a non-US Citizen living in the United States, since this may be considered an aggravated felony under Federal Law.

Common Defenses

  1. Statute of Limitations
  2. Insufficient Evidence
  3. Violation of Rights
  4. False Allegations

In order to be found guilty, the elements of the crime must be met. This charge can be fought by your Ontario Criminal Defense Attorney by arguing that you either did not commit a battery or that you did not know you were committing a battery against a teacher in the performance of their own duties. Failing to show the elements of the crime would mean there is insufficient evidence to prove you guilty of this charge.

False accusations are not technically considered a “defense” in criminal law. In essence, the defense of false accusations comes from a person who falsely blames you for a crime you did not commit. So in essence, there is a witness that is blaming you for the crime, and you are claiming you are innocent. In many other defenses under California law, you are guilty of the crime, but there is a technical defense that prevents a conviction, different than here. A teacher may not like you based on poor performance in school, or antics in class. Every teacher has a favorite and least favorite student, and that can sometimes lead to false allegations to mess up a student’s life. Here, you’d argue that the allegations are false, and you are being falsely accused of the crime.

Call Today

The ramifications of a criminal conviction reach far beyond the courtroom, potentially altering every facet of your life and future. This is particularly true for charges under PC 243.6, which deals with battery on school property, a charge that carries not only immediate legal consequences but also long-term social and professional repercussions.

Inland Empire Criminal Defense, located in Ontario, CA, specializes in providing vigorous defense for those accused under PC 243.6. Our experienced attorney has a distinguished track record of successfully defending thousands of individuals across the Inland Empire, offering expert legal guidance and robust representation to those facing these serious allegations.

Why Choose Inland Empire Criminal Defense?

  • Proven Success: Our PC 243.6 attorney has demonstrated success in defending a wide range of criminal charges, ensuring that your case benefits from a depth of experience and a commitment to achieving the best possible outcome.
  • Comprehensive Support: Understanding the complexities and the high stakes involved in these cases, we provide personalized legal strategies tailored to your specific circumstances, coupled with round-the-clock availability to address your concerns.
  • Free Initial Consultation: We offer a no-cost initial consultation to discuss your case in detail, providing an opportunity to understand your rights and the defenses available to you without any upfront financial commitment.

Navigate Your Legal Challenges with Confidence

Facing charges under PC 243.6 necessitates a strategic and informed defense approach. Inland Empire Criminal Defense is prepared to stand by your side, offering the expertise and support needed to navigate this challenging period.

Contact Inland Empire Criminal Defense Today

If you or a loved one is dealing with accusations under PC 243.6, don’t face this challenge alone. Contact Inland Empire Criminal Defense at 909-939-7126 to schedule your free initial consultation. Our commitment to defending your rights and securing your future is unwavering. Let us provide the skilled legal representation you need during this critical time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Does the attorney offer confidential consultations?

Absolutely, Inland Empire Criminal Defense prioritizes your privacy and confidentiality. Every consultation with our attorney is conducted with the utmost discretion, ensuring your information remains secure and private.

Does the attorney offer payment plans?

Yes, understanding the financial pressures that can come with legal representation, our attorney offers flexible payment plans. This approach ensures that quality legal defense is accessible for all our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Is the consultation free?

Yes, Inland Empire Criminal Defense offers free consultations. This is part of our commitment to providing accessible and transparent legal services to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Are the consultations in person or only over the phone?

We offer both in-person and over-the-phone consultations to accommodate your preferences and needs. Whether you’re in Riverside, San Bernardino, or Los Angeles County, we ensure that you can access our legal services in the way that suits you best.

Is the office open on weekends?

Our office is typically closed on weekends. However, we do make exceptions for meetings by special arrangement. Our commitment is to be as accommodating as possible to meet the unique needs of our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Does the attorney serve all of California?

Our legal services are specifically tailored to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties. For cases outside these areas, we recommend consulting to find appropriate legal assistance. Our focused approach allows us to provide specialized defense catering to the unique legal landscape of these counties.

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