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Battery Laws (PC 242/243(d)/243(e)(1)) in California

California Penal Code 242/243(d)/243(e)(1): Battery

Legal Definition: A battery is any willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon the person of another. (PC 242) This is also known as Simple Battery.

For a person to be convicted of a violation of PC 242 the prosecution must prove the following:

  1. You willfully and unlawfully touched another person; AND
  2. You did not act in self-defense/in defense of someone else/while reasonably disciplining a child.

If you commit the above offenses against a spouse or cohabitant, then you could be found guilty of a PC 243(e)(1).

If you commit the above offense and cause great bodily injury, you could be found guilty of PC 243(d).

What does this mean?

Touching another person, in a harmful way, without their consent, will lead to a battery. The slightest touching can be enough to commit a battery if it is done in a rude or angry way. Making contact with another person, including through his or her clothing, is enough. The touching does not have to cause pain or injury of any kind. Even indirect touching, by causing an object to touch another person, is a battery.

The term cohabitants mean two unrelated persons living together for a substantial period of time, resulting in some permanency of the relationship. Factors that may determine whether people are cohabiting include, but are not limited to, (1) sexual relations between the parties while sharing the same residence, (2) sharing of income or expenses, (3)joint use or ownership of property, (4) the parties’ holding
themselves out as (husband and wife/domestic partners), (5) the continuity of the relationship, and (6) the length of the relationship.


  1. Simple Battery: A simple battery is a misdemeanor only, punishable for up to 180 days in County Jail.
  2. Domestic Battery: A Domestic Battery is a misdemeanor only, punishable for up to one year in County Jail.
  3. Battery Causing Serious Bodily Injury: This battery charge is a wobbler offense. Meaning it can be charged as a felony or as a misdemeanor offense. If convicted of this charge as a Felony, you could be sentenced to State Prison for upwards of two, three, or four years. You would also receive a Strike on your record, and subject you to the Three Strikes Law. If convicted of his charge as a misdemeanor, you could face up to one year in County Jail. You would have to serve the sentence at 50%.

In addition to the above, you would be unable to purchase a firearm for 10 years under California Law. Any conviction for aggravated battery charged under PC 243(d) carries with it a lifetime firearm prohibition. For Domestic Battery, you generally would have to attend a Batterer’s Treatment Program for 52-weeks, as well as Anger Management for all three of the Battery offenses.

Common Defenses

  1. Statute of Limitations
  2. Insufficient Evidence
  3. Self Defense
  4. Violation of your Rights

Consent commonly comes up as a possible defense against Battery, and it is a true one. What this means, is that if you tell another person, for whatever reason, to punch you in the face, you cannot then claim they committed a battery against you. Consent is a defense against unwanted touching, because the touching was asked, and was wanted at the time.

In addition, Self-Defense is prevalent here, as in many situations if there is some kind of fight or altercation, the case comes down to two different people pointing the finger at each other, saying that they started it. Thus, the person who would be retaliating would be able to claim self-defense. This is always challenging unless there are cameras or witnesses who can corroborate either person’s story. Many times, police will determine who got the worst of the scrum and then arrest the other party as the clear aggressor. However, simply because you beat someone up, does not make you unable to claim Self-Defense.

Call Today

Battery charges carry repercussions that extend far beyond jail time, potentially altering the course of your life. These consequences can include mandatory participation in lengthy and expensive year-long classes. Additionally, a battery conviction could lead to the loss of your firearm rights for up to ten years, or in some cases, permanently. It’s essential to approach these charges with the utmost seriousness.

As an attorney who has successfully defended numerous battery cases, I can attest to the complexities and nuances involved in such legal battles. My track record in cases like these speaks volumes about my commitment and effectiveness in the courtroom. If you’re facing a battery charge under PC 242, you can rely on the expertise of our PC 242 Ontario attorney at Inland Empire Criminal Defense.

We offer a complimentary initial consultation, giving you the opportunity to discuss your case and understand the potential implications of your charge. Our team is available 24/7 to address any concerns you may have. Contact us today at Inland Empire Criminal Defense by calling 909-939-7126. Our office, conveniently located in Ontario, CA, is here to provide you with the support and representation you need during this challenging time.

Frequently Asked Questions

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We offer both in-person and over-the-phone consultations to accommodate your preferences and needs. Whether you’re in Riverside, San Bernardino, or Los Angeles County, we ensure that you can access our legal services in the way that suits you best.

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Our legal services are specifically tailored to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties. For cases outside these areas, we recommend consulting to find appropriate legal assistance. Our focused approach allows us to provide specialized defense catering to the unique legal landscape of these counties.

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