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Penal Code 12022.7(D): Great Bodily Injury on a Child under 5 Years Old Enhancement Laws in California

PC 12022.7(D): Great Bodily Injury on a Child under 5 Years Old Enhancement

Legal Definition:

PC 12022.7(D): “Any person who personally inflicts great bodily injury on a child under the age of five years in the commission of a felony or attempted felony shall be punished by an additional and consecutive term of imprisonment in the state prison…”

For a person to be convicted of a violation of PC 12022.7(D) the prosecution must show that:

  1. You personally inflicted great bodily injury on the victim;
  2. The victim was a child under the age of 5 years;


  1. The injury was inflicted while in the commission or attempted commission of a felony.

What does this mean?

This is not a criminal section you can be charged with, instead, it is an Enhancement. What that means, is that you must be first charged with a felony offense, and then thereafter you are also alleged to have committed this secondary violation by committing that felony that caused great bodily injury. This charge is normally charged with violations such as Child Abuse causing Death or Paralysis on a Minor or Child Endangerment.

Great bodily injury means significant or substantial physical injury. It is an injury that is greater than minor or moderate harm. An injury that involves broken bones or significant injuries that require a hospital visit.


As state above, a violation of PC 12022.7(D) is an enhancement, not a stand-alone crime. Therefore, you would never be charged with enhancement by itself, it has to be added to a felony offense you are already charged with. This enhancement can add an additional 4, 5, or 6 years to your felony case.

PC 12022.7(D) is a strike offense under the Three Strikes Law but is not a charge requiring Sex Registration under PC 290. You would likely face a loss, suspension, or revocation of your professional license. You could also face immigration consequences if you are a non-US Citizen living in the United States, since this may be considered an aggravated felony under Federal Law, and is also a crime of moral turpitude.

Common Defenses

  1. Statute of Limitations
  2. Insufficient Evidence
  3. Violation of Rights
  4. Self Defense

The defenses to enhancements are quite a bit different than regular criminal charges. Here, a common defense can be that you were not, for example, in the commission of a felony offense. If there is no felony offense, then you cannot have this enhancement added to your case, and that would be found “not true” by a Court. It also must be a felony charge to have an enhancement, if, for example, you are charged with committing a misdemeanor offense, then this enhancement would not apply to your case.

If the minor in the incident was not under 5 years of age, then you cannot have this attachment added to your case. Also, if the injury is minor or superficial, then it can be shown that you are not guilty of this enhancement. Failing to show you meet the required elements above would mean there is insufficient evidence to prove you guilty of this enhancement.

Call Today

Facing criminal charges is daunting, and the prospect becomes even more severe with enhancements like PC 12022.7(D), which can add up to 6 years to your sentence. Such enhancements increase the severity of your situation, pushing the possibility of freedom further away.

Inland Empire Criminal Defense, based in Ontario, understands the critical nature of these enhancements and the profound impact they can have on your life and future. Our PC 12022.7(D) attorney brings extensive experience to the table, having successfully defended thousands in the Inland Empire facing serious criminal charges and enhancements. We are committed to providing a robust defense aimed at securing the best possible outcome for your case.

Why Inland Empire Criminal Defense for PC 12022.7(D) Cases?

  • Experienced Representation: With a track record of successfully defending a vast array of criminal charges, our team has the expertise to navigate the complexities of enhancements like PC 12022.7(D).
  • Focused on Your Future: Understanding the stakes, we’re dedicated to aggressively defending your case to minimize the impact of potential sentencing enhancements on your life.
  • Around-the-Clock Support: We offer 24/7 availability to ensure you have access to timely answers and support, recognizing the importance of ongoing communication throughout your case.

Begin Your Defense with a Trusted Ally

The inclusion of sentencing enhancements in your case necessitates a strategic and informed defense approach. Inland Empire Criminal Defense is prepared to stand by your side, offering expert legal guidance and a committed defense.

Contact Inland Empire Criminal Defense Today

Don’t navigate the complexities of PC 12022.7(D) enhancements alone. Reach out to Inland Empire Criminal Defense at 909-939-7126 for a free initial consultation. Located in Ontario, CA, we are ready to answer your questions and provide the defense you need to protect your future. Let us help you confront these challenges with confidence and expertise.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Does the attorney offer confidential consultations?

Absolutely, Inland Empire Criminal Defense prioritizes your privacy and confidentiality. Every consultation with our attorney is conducted with the utmost discretion, ensuring your information remains secure and private.

Does the attorney offer payment plans?

Yes, understanding the financial pressures that can come with legal representation, our attorney offers flexible payment plans. This approach ensures that quality legal defense is accessible for all our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Is the consultation free?

Yes, Inland Empire Criminal Defense offers free consultations. This is part of our commitment to providing accessible and transparent legal services to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Are the consultations in person or only over the phone?

We offer both in-person and over-the-phone consultations to accommodate your preferences and needs. Whether you’re in Riverside, San Bernardino, or Los Angeles County, we ensure that you can access our legal services in the way that suits you best.

Is the office open on weekends?

Our office is typically closed on weekends. However, we do make exceptions for meetings by special arrangement. Our commitment is to be as accommodating as possible to meet the unique needs of our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Does the attorney serve all of California?

Our legal services are specifically tailored to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties. For cases outside these areas, we recommend consulting to find appropriate legal assistance. Our focused approach allows us to provide specialized defense catering to the unique legal landscape of these counties.

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