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Health and Safety Code 120275: Violation Quarantine Laws in California

H&S 120275: Violations of Quarantine Laws

Legal Definition: “Any person who, after notice, violates, or who, upon the demand of any health officer, refuses or neglects to conform to, any rule, order, or regulation prescribed by the department respecting a quarantine or disinfection of persons, animals, things, or places, is guilty of a misdemeanor.”

What does this mean?

Covid-19 is a virus that has seemingly forever changed the world, and the way people live their day to day lives. This section is in reference to the virus currently, and any orders issued by the Governor. This could be something as simple as failing to wear a mask in public when required. It could also happen if there is a Stay at Home Order, that a person violates to go to a party with friends. In order to be charged under this section, it is a requirement that you have notice of the rule regarding the quarantine order. That means that if an order is issued at 5:00 pm, and you’re running errands for nonessential items and do not know about it – you could not be convicted for this charge.

You then have to have been found to have violated that order, with proper notice of that order. A disinfection described can relate to the disinfection of a person, animal, things, or places. Even though many local police and sheriff’s departments have made clear they do not intend to enforce this law, it is important to know that you can be violating a law for ignoring the orders given during a quarantine. You are also not able to argue that being forced to wear a mask in public, and thus getting charged with this offense, that this violates your Constitutional Rights. Most commonly, the Orders involving Covid-19, do not affect people trying to make necessary trips, such as to the grocery store or to and from an “essential” job.


A violation under HS 120275 is a misdemeanor offense only. If you are convicted of this charge, you could be sentenced to upwards of 180 days in a County Jail. You could also be subjected to a fine of upwards of $1,000. In addition, if you are cited for this offense for visiting a store, that store could also ban you from reentering the store in the future. Doing so could be a further violation of Trespassing.

This is not a strike offense under the California Three Strikes law, and it is not a Sex Offense under PC 290. You could also face a suspension or loss of your Professional License if convicted, and if you are not a legal resident, you would face issues in Immigration Court in that it is a crime involving disobeying a direct order.

Common Defenses

  1. Statute of Limitations
  2. Violation of Rights
  3. Insufficient Evidence
  4. Necessity

The defense of necessity states that you committed a crime during an emergency and you did so in order to prevent “significant bodily harm or evil” to either yourself or someone else. This could be something that involves grocery shopping, getting medicine for a sick person in your family or yourself, or other medical supplies for someone with preexisting conditions. Please note, this would be a defense to an Order that forces people to remain at home for all purposes. In reference to the Covid-19 pandemic, the Orders of the California Governor, provide an exception for people who are getting groceries and other necessities. This way, a person would not be guilty of a violation under HS 120275 during this pandemic.

If you lack notice of the Order, then you can argue you did not have an intent to commit a crime under this section. Lacking intent to violate the section can act as a defense to a charge here. If your attorney is able to argue this defense for your case, you can show there is insufficient evidence to prove you guilty of the crime.

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A criminal conviction, especially for health and safety violations like those outlined in HS 120275, can indeed significantly alter the trajectory of your life. What was once a smooth path to your aspirations can become a challenging journey marred by the need to explain and mitigate a criminal record. This shift can affect employment opportunities, professional licensing, and more, underscoring the need for a strong and strategic legal defense.

At Inland Empire Criminal Defense, our Ontario HS 120275 attorney is experienced in handling a wide variety of criminal cases, including those specific to health and safety violations. We understand the nuances of these charges and the broader implications they can have on your life. With a history of successfully defending hundreds of individuals, we are equipped with the knowledge, strategies, and dedication needed to navigate these complex cases.

We offer a free initial consultation to discuss the specifics of your case, allowing you to understand the potential defenses and legal avenues available to you. Our commitment is to provide accessible, comprehensive legal support, ensuring that we are available 24/7 to answer your questions and guide you through this challenging time.

If you or someone you know is facing charges under HS 120275 or any related statutes, don’t hesitate to reach out for professional legal assistance. Contact your local Rancho Cucamonga Criminal Defense Attorney at Inland Empire Defense by calling 909-939-7126. Located in Ontario, CA, we are ready to assist you in protecting your rights and working towards the best possible outcome for your case.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Yes, Inland Empire Criminal Defense offers free consultations. This is part of our commitment to providing accessible and transparent legal services to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

We offer both in-person and over-the-phone consultations to accommodate your preferences and needs. Whether you’re in Riverside, San Bernardino, or Los Angeles County, we ensure that you can access our legal services in the way that suits you best.

Our office is typically closed on weekends. However, we do make exceptions for meetings by special arrangement. Our commitment is to be as accommodating as possible to meet the unique needs of our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Our legal services are specifically tailored to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties. For cases outside these areas, we recommend consulting to find appropriate legal assistance. Our focused approach allows us to provide specialized defense catering to the unique legal landscape of these counties.

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