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Penal Code 243.9: Battery by Gassing in a Detention Facility Laws in California

PC 243.9: Battery by Gassing in a Detention Facility

Legal Definition:

PC 243.9(a): “Every person confined in any local detention facility who commits a battery by gassing upon the person of any peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830 ) of Title 3 of Part 2, or employee of the local detention facility is guilty of aggravated battery and shall be punished by imprisonment…”

For a person to be convicted of a violation of PC 243.9 the prosecution must show that:

  1. You were serving a sentence in a State Prison or local Jail;
  2. While you were in custody, you intentionally committed an act of gassing, that is, you placed/threw/caused to be placed or thrown human excrement/human urine/human bodily fluids or substances/a mixture containing human bodily substances on the body of a police officer or employee of the jail/prison facility;


  1. The excrement/urine/bodily fluids or substances/mixture actually made contact with the skin of the officer or employee.

What does this mean?

For purposes of this section, “gassing” means intentionally placing, throwing, or causing to be placed or thrown upon the person of another, any human excrement or other bodily fluids, bodily substances, or any mixture containing human excrement, other bodily fluids, or bodily substances that results in actual contact with the person’s skin or membranes. A battery is in general a non-consensual touching, even if in this circumstance, you are not putting your hands on another person.


A battery by gassing in a Detention Facility is a wobbler offense. That means this can be charged as a felony or a misdemeanor offense. Whether you are charged with a misdemeanor or a felony offense depends on the specific facts of your case as well as your criminal history. A felony conviction of this charge can send you to State Prison for upwards of 2, 3, or 4 years. If you are convicted of this charge as a misdemeanor, you can be sentenced to up to one year in County Jail. You would be required to serve at least 50% of that time in custody.

In addition to this, this charge adds to whatever sentence you are currently already serving, thus meaning you could be serving one offense, and then possibly a new one with a conviction under this section.

PC 243.9 is a not strike offense under the Three Strikes Law and is not a charge requiring Sex Registration under PC 290. You would likely face a loss, suspension, or revocation of your professional license. You could also face immigration consequences if you are a non-US Citizen living in the United States, since this may be considered an aggravated felony under Federal Law.

Common Defenses

  1. Statute of Limitations
  2. Insufficient Evidence
  3. Violation of Rights
  4. False Allegations

This offense requires you to make actual contact with the skin of the officer at the facility. In other words, if you attempt to do this and miss, then you cannot be found guilty of this charge. Failing to make that actual skin contact would mean there is insufficient evidence to prove you guilty of this charge.

False accusations are not technically considered a “defense” in criminal law. In essence, the defense of false accusations comes from a person who falsely blames you for a crime you did not commit. So in essence, there is a witness that is blaming you for the crime, and you are claiming you are innocent. In many other defenses under California law, you are guilty of the crime, but there is a technical defense that prevents a conviction, different than here. Imagine a loved one serving a sentence and having an officer working at the jail dislike them. They can have them lie. Makeup allegations of something your loved one did, thus landing them back into custody on this new case. A defense here shows the officer’s bias and can help defend against allegations that you committed this battery offense.

Call Today

Facing a new criminal charge while already serving time is an especially harrowing experience, as it can significantly extend the duration of incarceration and compound the challenges of reintegrating into society. Charges under PC 243.9, relating to battery by gassing, are particularly severe and demand an expert legal defense to mitigate their impact.

Inland Empire Criminal Defense in Ontario, CA, has a distinguished history of defending individuals accused of complex criminal offenses, including under PC 243.9. Our dedicated attorney has successfully navigated hundreds of cases throughout the Inland Empire, offering hope and expert legal representation to those facing daunting charges.

Why Choose Inland Empire Criminal Defense for PC 243.9 Defense?

  • Specialized Experience: Our PC 243.9 Ontario attorney possesses the knowledge and experience necessary to challenge these serious allegations effectively.
  • Personalized Legal Support: Understanding the stakes, we provide tailored legal strategies and round-the-clock availability, ensuring you and your loved ones are supported throughout the legal process.
  • Complimentary Initial Consultation: We offer a free initial consultation to explore your case’s specifics, answer your questions, and outline how our expertise can benefit your defense.

Securing Your Future with Inland Empire Criminal Defense

An additional conviction under PC 243.9 can have far-reaching consequences. Inland Empire Criminal Defense is committed to offering the rigorous defense needed to protect your rights and work towards the most favorable outcome possible.

Contact Us Now

If you or a loved one is facing charges under PC 243.9, the time to act is now. Contact Inland Empire Criminal Defense at 909-939-7126 to discuss your case. Our office in Ontario, CA, is strategically located to serve clients throughout the Inland Empire with unparalleled legal representation. Let our experience and dedication be your guide during this challenging time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Does the attorney offer confidential consultations?

Absolutely, Inland Empire Criminal Defense prioritizes your privacy and confidentiality. Every consultation with our attorney is conducted with the utmost discretion, ensuring your information remains secure and private.

Does the attorney offer payment plans?

Yes, understanding the financial pressures that can come with legal representation, our attorney offers flexible payment plans. This approach ensures that quality legal defense is accessible for all our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Is the consultation free?

Yes, Inland Empire Criminal Defense offers free consultations. This is part of our commitment to providing accessible and transparent legal services to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Are the consultations in person or only over the phone?

We offer both in-person and over-the-phone consultations to accommodate your preferences and needs. Whether you’re in Riverside, San Bernardino, or Los Angeles County, we ensure that you can access our legal services in the way that suits you best.

Is the office open on weekends?

Our office is typically closed on weekends. However, we do make exceptions for meetings by special arrangement. Our commitment is to be as accommodating as possible to meet the unique needs of our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Does the attorney serve all of California?

Our legal services are specifically tailored to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties. For cases outside these areas, we recommend consulting to find appropriate legal assistance. Our focused approach allows us to provide specialized defense catering to the unique legal landscape of these counties.

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