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Penal Code 30305: Possession of Ammunition by Person Prohibited

PC 30305(a)(1): Possession of Ammunition by Person Prohibited

Legal Definition: “No person prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm…shall own, possess, or have under custody or control, any ammunition or reloaded ammunition”.

To be found guilty under PC 30305 the prosecution must prove that you:

  1. You owned, possessed, or had under your control ammunition;
  2. You knew that you owned, possessed, or hand under your control the ammunition;
  3. You were forbidden from owning or possessing the ammunition based on a prior criminal conviction or through a mental illness.

What does this mean?

Ammunition means a bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. Ammunition includes reloaded ammunition. The conviction can also be from a juvenile adjudication. A person does not actually have to hold or touch something to possess it. This means that if you have ammunition in your home, for example, that is still a violation, even if you are not physically holding the ammunition at the time of police contact. Two or more people may possess something at the same time.

Most commonly, people convicted of violations of PC 273.5 or PC 243(e) would be forbidden from possessing ammunition. You can be forbidden from owning ammunition for life under those two charges, or for only ten years if you are convicted of charges such as PC 17500 or PC 626.9. Whether it is a lifetime ban or a 10-year ban for possession of ammunition, please speak with an experienced Criminal Defense Attorney. Remember this crime is not penalizing you simply for having ammunition, but instead for having ammunition while being prohibited from doing so.

Penalties

A violation under PC 30305 is a wobbler offense in California. This means you can be charged under this section as a misdemeanor or as a felony offense. Whether you are charged under this section as a misdemeanor or as a felony offense, depends on the specific facts of your case, the amount of ammunition found, and your criminal history. If you are convicted of this charge as a misdemeanor, you could be sentenced to up to one year in County Jail. If you are convicted of this charge as a felony, you could be sentenced to State Prison for up to 16 months, 2, or 3 years in State Prison. You would be required to up to 50% of that time in custody. You could also be subject to fines up to $1,000.

This is not a strike offense under the California Three Strikes law, and it is not a Sex Offense under PC 290. You could also face a loss of your Professional License if convicted, and if you are not a legal resident, you could face Deportation in Immigration Court since the offense could be considered an aggravated felony.

Common Defenses

  1. Statute of Limitations
  2. Violation of Rights
  3. Insufficient Evidence
  4. Coerced Confessions

Having possession of ammunition is not, by itself, a crime if you are a prohibited person. You must also have knowledge of the presence of the ammunition. If, for example, you are storing a chest or safe in your home for a friend in your garage with firearms, and you are not aware of the firearms or there and have no access to the safe, then you could not be convicted under this section. You must have knowledge that there are firearms within the safe to be charged and convicted for this charge. Failing to show that, would show there is insufficient evidence to prove you guilty of the crime.

Also, if police act in violation of your rights, your attorney can argue that the police did an illegal search and seizure, and evidence of the ammunition found would be suppressed, meaning it could not come into court and be used against you. You may have had the illegal ammunition, but if police were to enter your home without a warrant or probable cause, then your Ontario Criminal Defense Attorney can successfully argue that it was an illegal search and seizure, and evidence of the ammunition would be thrown out of Court.

Call Today

Facing a conviction under PC 30605 can dramatically alter your future, escalating even a misdemeanor charge to a felony if it’s found you were in possession of ammunition while prohibited. This significant legal pivot underscores the severity with which the courts view violations of firearms and ammunition laws, placing individuals at risk of facing prison time for such offenses. At Inland Empire Criminal Defense in Ontario, our attorney specializing in PC 30605 and related gun and ammunition statutes brings a wealth of knowledge and a successful track record to the table, offering expert defense strategies tailored to protect your rights and your future.

Why Inland Empire Criminal Defense is Essential for PC 30605 Charges:

  • Focused Expertise on Firearm and Ammunition Laws: Our Ontario PC 30605 attorney’s extensive experience with gun and ammunition cases, including those under PC 30305, ensures that your defense is grounded in a deep understanding of relevant laws and regulations.
  • Proven Success in Similar Cases: Leveraging a history of successfully defending against firearms charges, we bring strategic insight and determined advocacy to your case, aimed at achieving the best possible outcome.
  • Dedicated to Protecting Your Future: We recognize the profound impact that a felony conviction for ammunition possession can have on your life. Our commitment is to mount an aggressive defense that seeks to minimize these potential consequences.

Take Action to Safeguard Your Future

The complexities of facing charges under PC 30605 demand immediate and informed legal action. Located in Ontario and serving the Rancho Cucamonga area, Inland Empire Criminal Defense is prepared to offer the specialized legal representation required to navigate these serious allegations effectively.

Contact Inland Empire Criminal Defense Today

Don’t let a charge under PC 30605 define your future. Contact Inland Empire Criminal Defense at 909-939-7126 for a consultation. Our team is available to answer your questions and to start building a robust defense strategy focused on protecting your rights and securing your freedom. Trust in our expertise and dedication to fight for the best outcome in your case.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Does the attorney offer confidential consultations?

Absolutely, Inland Empire Criminal Defense prioritizes your privacy and confidentiality. Every consultation with our attorney is conducted with the utmost discretion, ensuring your information remains secure and private.

Does the attorney offer payment plans?

Yes, understanding the financial pressures that can come with legal representation, our attorney offers flexible payment plans. This approach ensures that quality legal defense is accessible for all our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Is the consultation free?

Yes, Inland Empire Criminal Defense offers free consultations. This is part of our commitment to providing accessible and transparent legal services to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Are the consultations in person or only over the phone?

We offer both in-person and over-the-phone consultations to accommodate your preferences and needs. Whether you’re in Riverside, San Bernardino, or Los Angeles County, we ensure that you can access our legal services in the way that suits you best.

Is the office open on weekends?

Our office is typically closed on weekends. However, we do make exceptions for meetings by special arrangement. Our commitment is to be as accommodating as possible to meet the unique needs of our clients in Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties.

Does the attorney serve all of California?

Our legal services are specifically tailored to residents of Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles Counties. For cases outside these areas, we recommend consulting avvo.com to find appropriate legal assistance. Our focused approach allows us to provide specialized defense catering to the unique legal landscape of these counties.

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